Presentation Styles.

Presenting to people with differing learning and communication styles.
Presentations often are very Auditory, strongly Visual or a combination of the two. Although the latter is better than the first presentation style – a number of people will not participate fully, nor will they be inspired and involved.
An Auditory presenter/ facilitator will often use wordy presentations, or flip chart statements to make their point. 
You will know that they are strong auditory communicators by the cleverness of their words, their stories and examples and the fact that they flip over the pages of their presentations/ flip chart pages once they have spoken of them.
They may be asked to “go back” to previous pages/ slides by visual learners.
They also love to teach by repeating their messages and live by the motto:- “Tell them once, and then tell them again and again.”
Their presentations sound brilliant to strong auditory learners, but can:-

a)    Bore visual learners with long-winded explanations. 
b)   Isolate Kinesthetic (experiential) learners by not physically involving them.
 

A Visual presenter will use visuals as much as they can. Some will be very detailed and intricate. They will normally display each visual/ flip chart on the walls, as they finish with it. This ensures that there is a long term reference for audience members. Their explanations are often brief and to the point, and they expect people to understand – from the graphic nature of presentation.
Their presentations are visual delights to strong Visual learners but can:-

a)    Isolate auditory learners with their focus on picture lessons and the limited focus on “talking it through.” 
b)   Isolate Kinesthetic (experiential) learners by not physically involving them.
 

Kinesthetic presenters will often get an example/ sample of the item under discussion, into the hands of the audience members. This ensures that they can touch, feel and experience it. Their words will have to do with the feel and experience. 
Their presentations feel good to strong Visual learners but can:-

a)    Isolate auditory learners with their focus on picture lessons and the limited focus on “talking it through.” 
b)   Isolate Visual Learners by not visually involving them.
 

The most important part of a strong presentation is to make sure that there is a “mixed grill” in terms of presentation styles.
12 steps to great presentations.
Presentations are verbal, sensory, visual and experiential. We must ensure that delegates have the opportunity to feel, hear, discuss, think, see, experience and intellectualise the lessons and information in the presentations.
1)   Our (not excessively long) speaking portion, must:-
2)   Have visual descriptions using colour words and audio pictures of place and things .
3)   Have heart and sensory words.
4)   Have power words, stories, sayings and examples.
5)   Ask feeling, seeing and hearing questions. How do you feel? Can you see what I am showing you? Do you hear/ understand the process thus far?
6)   Stories, sayings and examples
7)   Use numbered tips, such as: – “7 steps to having a great life.”
8)   And numbered steps to using a product, with step-by-step outcomes.
9)   These must be allied to visual media, graphics and pictures.
10) Actual examples, samples and working models should be distributed around the room, so that those who like to experiment can do so.
11)Copies of the slide show should either be handed out, or displayed on the walls. Anything written, or drawn on a flipchart page should be stuck around the room, on the walls – in order of presentation.
12)Time should be taken for interaction, discussions and for prodding, touching and experimenting with models, samples and examples. This will allow for an active question and answer session.
And a bonus:-
13)There should always be an element of fun in any presentation. 
In this way, everybody is involved. They will all feel as if you are presenting directly to them.
Enjoy. Touch some lives!
Brian Moore

22 July 2011
Celebrating Humanity International Communication, Learning, Diversity, Team Building and Team Conflict Resolution Specialists
info@africa-dreams.com
+27 79 643 4457
Arthie and Brian Moore
CelebratingHumanity International – Copyright
South Africa.
Email: info@africa-dreams.com
Website: www.africa-dreams.com
Mobile: +27 79 643 4457

How to Assess Learning Styles.

Learning Styles and Communication Styles
How to assess the learning styles
of your family, your child, your child’s teacher, your clients and your friends.
Each person’s learning style is unique and perfect, as it is.

We can all improve our communication, learning/ teaching ability and relationships through simple observation techniques – and by choosing our behaviour and communication methods. This is based in observing your student, family members, teacher, client, friend and noting their:-

1.    Speed of speech. How fast, how much, or how thoughtfully they talk.
2.    Vocabulary. The words that they use.
3.    Directions. How they give directions.
4.    Physical Involvement. Their hand and body movement
5.    Eye Movement. Most importantly – how their eyes move, when they have to think.
When we do this we can assess their natural and preferred learning style. This is made up of a combination of learning through seeing, doing, telling and listening.
Our dominant learning style, and theirs, normally determines how we communicate. Understanding ourselves and our subject show us how best to teach and to learn – and gives us the keys to communicating concepts, visions, messages and presentations to individuals – and to groups.
We all have very unique learning styles, which are made up of varying levels of Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic learning preferences, however when we find the dominant aspects within a person’s learning style, we can focus more on those.
With these keys we are able to take charge of the communication that we share or receive, by making simple adjustments in the way in which we communicate with individuals and groups of people – and by taking charge of the way in which others communicate with us.
Basic Learning Styles
We all learn through a combination of the 3 basic learning styles. In each of us certain aspects are stronger than others.
Basic Learning Styles Overview Descriptions
V
Visual
Seeing and Reading
A
Auditory
Listening and Speaking
K
Kinesthetic
Touching and Doing
The basic learning styles are (V) Visual, (A) Auditory, (K) Kinesthetic.

 

Basic Combinations/ Dominant Learning Styles
VA/ AV
Visual
Auditory
Seeing and Reading
Listening and Speaking
AK/ KA
Auditory
Kinesthetic
Listening and Speaking
Touching and Doing
VK/ KV
Visual
Kinesthetic
Seeing and Reading
Touching and Doing


Basic combinations are (VA) Visual Auditory, (KV) Kinesthetic Visual and (AK) Auditory Kinesthetic.

·         Visual learners learn, share and receive best through pictures, photographs and visual displays.
·         Auditory learners learn and receive best through hearing and talking. They share best through words.
·         Kinesthetic learners learn and receive best through doing and experiencing and share best when demonstrating processes and ideas.
The impact
The way we learn impacts our:
  1. Study Methods and Teaching Style 
  2.  Sales Techniques 
  3. Presentation  and Public Speaking Style 
  4.  Coaching and mentoring methods 
  5. Ability to Retain and Share information 
  6.  Results in exams, presentations, sales opportunities. 
  7.  Communication Style 
  8.  Behaviours, Relationships 
  9. And our Future.
Assessing Learning Styles

If you wish to communicate better with a person – take charge of the conversation and observe.
  1. Ask questions that cause him/her to think. Note: Asking something that they easily have the answer to (like their name) will not reveal any signs. 
  2. When they answer a question, ask another. Use open questions to get them to think even deeper. (Eg. “Why did you like him?”, “What made you choose that outfit.”). The signs will become more apparent. 
  3. Ask them for directions from one point to another, in an area that they know reasonably well.
  4. Watch the direction of their eye movements, as they reflect upon the answers. 
  5.  Listen to their answers. Note the words they use and the speed of their speech. 
  6.  Observe their hands and body movement.
Notes
  1. If you are an observer, PLEASE do not answer for the person being assessed. This does not help at all. 
  2.  If you are being assessed – just relax. This is all normal and the knowledge gained will help YOU, in YOUR studies, communication and relationships.
Dominantly Visual Learners

Visual learners:-
  1. Eyes look up, or into the distance, when accessing information and answers to your questions. 
  2. Often talk fast using visually descriptive words, including colours and visual words – such as – Picture, vision, see, show, look, visualise, seen and saw 
  3.  May ask, “How does this look to you?”
4.    They use landmarks when giving directions. Road names are not as important to them, unless there is a very visible road sign with the name on it, or it is a major and well known road.
5.    They will normally start their directions with a well-known landmark. Eg. “Have you seen the KFC in Church Street?”
Dominantly Auditory Learners
 Audio learners:- 
  1. Glance occasionally to the ear on the non-dominant side, when accessing information and answers to your questions. (I.e. if they are right-handed they look left and vice versa.) 
  2. Talk a lot and like to dominate conversations they use sound words, with strong emphasis on key words. The words used are – Mission, story, heard, hear, listen, speak, say, whisper, understand, tell and ear.
3.    May ask, “How does it sound to you?”, “Can I sound you out, about..?”, “Did you hear about?”
4.    They use road names, traffic lights, circles and T junctions when giving directions. Landmarks are not as important to them, unless it is a national landmark – and even then they will tell you what the sign “says”, on the front of the building. They normally start the directions from where you are parked. Even if you are in another city!
Kinesthetic Learners

Kinesthetic learners:-
  1. Eyes look towards the ear on the dominant side and to their hands – when accessing information and answers to your questions. (I.e. Right handed people look to their right ear – in addition to their hands.) 
  2.  Often take their time and talk thoughtfully, whilst moving, holding their hands or fiddling. They use emotive words, such as – feel, feeling, felt, sensed, moved, cared and safe.
3.    May ask, “How does this feel to you?”
4.    They often do not like giving directions and when they do they will talk and show, whilst physically showing the journey, using body and hand movements. 
5.    They are happier if they can find somebody else to give directions, or get you to a nearby  place where you can get directions 
6.    In real-life situations – some very kinesthetic people may even jump into your car and take you to your destination!

Dominant combinations
Once we have these signs for the basic learning styles it is important to look for other signs that show the various dominant combinations. 
These are Audio Kinesthetic, Visual Kinesthetic and Audi Visual. The more someone leans towards one of Visual, Audio or Kinesthetic the more dominant that aspect becomes and the less dominant the other aspect will be.
Audio Kinesthetic Learners (Kinesthetic Audio) AK or KA

Audio Kinesthetic learners:-
  1. Glance from left to right – and to their hands, when accessing information and answers to your questions.
2.    Normally only talk a lot when comfortable and can at times take time and be reserved – thoughtful. They use sound and emotive words.
3.    May ask, “How does it sound, or feel, to you?”
4.    They use road names, traffic lights, circles and T junctions and body/ hand movement – when giving directions. 
5.    The more audio – the more talkative they are.
6.    The more kinesthetic – the more reserved and physically expressive they are.
Visual Audio Learners (Audio Visual) AV or VA
Audio Visual learners:-
  1. Eyes look up, into the distance and glance occasionally to the ear on the non-dominant side, when accessing information and finding answers to your questions.
2.    Often talk well with power words using auditory and visually descriptive words, including colours and power words.
3.    May ask, “I just want to sound you out. How does this look to you?”
4.    They use landmarks, road names, traffic lights, circles and T junctions when giving directions. 
5.    They find it easy to learn and communicate.
Visual Kinesthetic Learners (Kinesthetic Visual) VK or KV
Visual Kinesthetic learners:-
  1. Eyes look up, or into the distance and towards the ear on the dominant side and to their, when accessing information and finding answers to your questions.
2.    Sometimes talk fast – when comfortable – and at other times are more reflective and thoughtful. They use emotive and visually descriptive words.
3.    May ask, “Hold this and tell me how looks to you?”
4.    They use landmarks and physical body movement, when giving directions.
5.    The more visual – the more landmarks and openness, to give directions and talk or show.
6.    The more kinesthetic – the more thoughtful and reflective – and the more their body and hands will move.
South Africa.
Mobile: 079 643 4457
Celebrating Humanity International
Communication, Learning, Diversity, Team Building and Team Conflict Resolution Specialists
+27 79 643 4457
Arthie and Brian Moore
CelebratingHumanity International – Copyright
South Africa.
Email: info@africa-dreams.com
Website: www.africa-dreams.com
Mobile: +27 79 643 4457

How we learn and teach

Learning Styles – Learning and Teaching methods
Understanding how people learn differently and must be taught differently!
We all have our natural and preferred learning style. Individual learning styles are made up of a combination of learning through seeing, doing, telling and listening.
Our dominant learning style normally determines our communication styles and can show us how best to teach and to learn. For example auditory learners normally teach through stories and lectures.
This brief article discusses the basic learning styles, how different learners learn best and how to adapt our teaching methods for great results.
When we teach a group of learners with all of the differing learning styles, it is critical that we involve them through all of the different techniques.
Who should know and understand learning and communication styles?
Parents, teachers, lecturers, speakers, trainers, facilitators, presenters, leaders, managers and anyone who uses communication on a daily basis. Yes, all of us!

Remember. There is no such thing as a stupid learner, there is only an communicator or  educator who has not YET found the key to sharing information with that person.
A Look at Visual Learners
Visual learners typically remember and grasp concepts through visualisation. They normally have a good sense of direction because they picture and memorise landmarks, maps and directions. 
·         Many prefer to see and read information in writing. They often find lectures to be boring. They like to doodle, draw and look out of the window.
·         Visual learners normally use sight words. See, look, show, picture, vision, view, perspective and sight are commonly used. They might say “Let me show you, so that you can get the picture.” 
·         They remember details including colours, faces, landmarks and spatial arrangements. 
How Visual Learners Learn best
They learn best by seeing what they are being taught. Visual learners typically prefer images, maps, graphs, and other visual representations over other forms of instruction. They will find that if they include images, mind maps, lists, and other visual techniques in their notes then they will have a better chance of remembering key information. 
Adapting Teaching Methods for Visual Learners
Include photographs, models, diagrams, mind maps, word webs, visuals to help visual learners to swiftly retain knowledge and understanding. Visual students should colour highlight key items, create mind maps and use flashcards when learning. 
Stay away from lecturing without visuals. Too many words will switch them off.
A Word about Auditory Learners

Auditory learners are sound-based, thus they learn best by listening and talking aloud. They typically notice and remember words and sounds. They remember what they hear. They are normally good with language. They often read to themselves as they study. 
Audio learners normally use sound words. Listen, hear, say, tell, whisper, mission, story, speak and understand are commonly used.   They might say “Let me tell you how it works, so that you can hear and understand.” 
They remember the details of conversations, arguments and lessons. They are can be very distracted by outside noise and sounds. 
How Auditory Learners Learn best
Auditory learners learn best through hearing the lessons. They often need to read the written word aloud to remember key points. Simply repeating over and over in their heads – is a key learning method. Audio mind maps – mind maps with words are great tools for Auditory learners. 
They love to learn through stories and memorable quotations. Verbal repetition is an effective means of study for auditory learners. 
Adapting Teaching Methods for Auditory Learners
Teach verbally and supply written instructions for assignments. Ask them to highlight key learning points, by underlining – or with a marker. Involve them through group discussion. Use videos to complement the written text. Allow time to question, discuss, read out loud and talk through problems. 
Record lessons on audio/ video and give them copies to listen to or watch in their own time. Use stories, quotations, proverbs and audio mind maps as a method to convey lessons and messages.
Getting a Feel for Kinesthetic Learners
 
Kinesthetic learners typically learn best by experiencing and doing. They are naturally good at physical activities like sports and dance. They are good with their hands and enjoy nads-on  learning. 
They typically like how-to guides and action-adventure stories. They might pace while on the phone or take breaks from studying to get up and move around. Some kinesthetic learners are fidgety and have a hard time sitting still. 

Kinesthetic learners use touchy words such as feelings, felt, touched, sensed, safe and caring. They may ask, “What are your feelings about…?” Or, they may say, “I sense something strange in that person’s attitude.”
They are often sensitive and need to feel safe and protected. Stay away from stern reprimands, anger, violence and shouting as this disturbs them tremendously.
How Kinesthetic Learners Learn best:
Kinesthetic learners learn best through experience, such as making things, physically colouring in, manipulating items, simulations and role plays. It is critical to physically involve them in the learning process. 
They enjoy and learn well from experimenting and 1st hand experience. Movement and participation are critical to their learning. They learn best when activities are varied during the programme/ semester and during each class period. 
Adapting Teaching Methods for Kinesthetic Learners:
Vary instruction methods through lessons to retain their involvement. Build hands-on lessons into the curriculum. Use role-plays to build strong further understanding of key concepts. 
Give them opportunities to team up with small discussion and experimenting groups as they learn concepts and lessons. Plan field trip to reinforce multiple key concepts. Allow students to stretch partially and move to avoid them losing concentration. 
Never put them in embarrassing situations, or personally attack them.
South Africa.
Mobile: 079 643 4457
Arthie and Brian Moore
CelebratingHumanity International – Copyright
South Africa.
Email: info@africa-dreams.com
Website: www.africa-dreams.com
Mobile: +27 79 643 4457